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Artigos Científicos

quarta-feira, 16 outubro 2019 13:07

The Role of Sleep Duration and Sleep Problems During Childhood in the Development of ADHD in Adolescence: Findings From a Population-Based Birth Cohort

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Marina Xavier Carpena1, Tiago N. Munhoz1, Mariana Otero Xavier1, Luis Augusto Rohde2,3,4, Iná S. Santos1,5, Bianca Del-Ponte2,1, Fernando C. Barros3,1, Alicia Matijasevich6, Luciana Tovo-Rodrigues1

Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Department of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
National Institute of Developmental Psychiatry for Children and Adolescents, CNPq, Brazil
Postgraduate Program Pediatrics Child Health, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Faculdade de Medicina FMUSP, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil

Journal of Attention Disorders: SAGE Journals

October 16, 2019


Objective: We aimed to investigate the association between sleep in early life and ADHD in adolescence. As a secondary analysis, we tested whether the associations may be specific to ADHD.

Method: Data from 3,467 participants of the 2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort were used. Information on their sleep duration and problems was collected at 12, 24, and 48 months of age. ADHD diagnosis and hyperactivity/inattention problems were assessed with the Development and Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA) and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) among participants at 11 years of age.

Results: Difficulty going to sleep at 24 months, nightmares at 24 months and at 48 months, and restless sleep at 48 months were consistently associated with ADHD as well as with other mental disorders.

Conclusion: The results suggest that sleep disturbances may be more important ADHD predictors than sleep duration or sleep duration trajectories. However, it may also be considered early markers of other mental disorders.

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