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Artigos Científicos

segunda-feira, 29 outubro 2018 14:13

Methylphenidate and Reduced Overweight in Children With ADHD

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Elisabeth Mellström1,2, Cecilia Forsman3, Lisbet Engh4Maria Unenge Hallerbäck4,5Sverre Wikström3

1
Karlstad Central Hospital, Sweden
2
Queen Silvia Children’s Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden
3
Örebro University, Sweden
4
Karlstad University, Sweden
5
University of Gothenburg, Sweden

Journal of Attention Disorders: SAGE Journals

October 4, 2016


ABSTRACT:

Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate odds ratios of overweight/obesity in children with ADHD and to compare the change in body mass index (BMI) after initiation of methylphenidate treatment in normal versus overweight/obese children.

Method: This population-based study included 724 children (<18 years), of whom 197 were girls. Odds ratios for overweight and obesity were calculated, comparing the study group with a reference group from the same area. After initiation of methylphenidate treatment, changes in BMI were assessed for up to 3 years.

Results: Children with ADHD had an odds ratio of 1.87 (95% confidence interval [CI]: [1.60, 2.19]) for overweight/obesity. A decrease in BMI standard deviation score was identified 1 to 3 years into treatment. The decrease was beneficially greater in overweight/obese as compared with normal weight children-mean (SD) −0.64 (0.80) versus −0.39 (0.68); p = .001-and greater in girls.

Conclusion: Medication with methylphenidate may facilitate favorable weight development in children with ADHD and overweight/obesity.


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