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Artigos Científicos

quinta-feira, 22 março 2018 12:38

Virtual Remediation Versus Methylphenidate to Improve Distractibility in Children With ADHD: A Controlled Randomized Clinical Trial Study

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Stéphanie Bioulac1,2Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi1,2Jenna Maire3Manuel P. Bouvard4 Albert A. Rizzo5Patricia Sagaspe1,2Pierre Philip1,2

1
University of Bordeaux, SANPSY, Bordeaux, France
2
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Bordeaux, Clinique du sommeil, France
3
University of Bordeaux, INSERM U1219, Bordeaux, France
4
Pôle Universitaire Psychiatrie Enfants et Adolescents, Bordeaux, France
5
University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA

Journal of Attention Disorders: SAGE Journals

March 22, 2018


ABSTRACT:

Objective: Virtual environments have been used to assess children with ADHD but have never been tested as therapeutic tools. We tested a new virtual classroom cognitive remediation program to improve symptoms in children with ADHD.

Method: In this randomized clinical trial, 51 children with ADHD (7-11 years) were assigned to a virtual cognitive remediation group, a methylphenidate group, or a psychotherapy group. All children were evaluated before and after therapy with an ADHD Rating Scale, a Continuous Performance Test (CPT), and a virtual classroom task.

Results: After therapy by virtual remediation, children exhibited significantly higher numbers of correct hits on the virtual classroom and CPT. These improvements were equivalent to those observed with methylphenidate treatment.

Conclusion: Our study demonstrates for the first time that a cognitive remediation program delivered in a virtual classroom reduces distractibility in children with ADHD and could replace methylphenidate treatment in specific cases.


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