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Artigos Científicos

quinta-feira, 22 março 2018 12:38

Virtual Remediation Versus Methylphenidate to Improve Distractibility in Children With ADHD: A Controlled Randomized Clinical Trial Study

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Stéphanie Bioulac1,2Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi1,2Jenna Maire3Manuel P. Bouvard4 Albert A. Rizzo5Patricia Sagaspe1,2Pierre Philip1,2

University of Bordeaux, SANPSY, Bordeaux, France
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Bordeaux, Clinique du sommeil, France
University of Bordeaux, INSERM U1219, Bordeaux, France
Pôle Universitaire Psychiatrie Enfants et Adolescents, Bordeaux, France
University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA

Journal of Attention Disorders: SAGE Journals

March 22, 2018


Objective: Virtual environments have been used to assess children with ADHD but have never been tested as therapeutic tools. We tested a new virtual classroom cognitive remediation program to improve symptoms in children with ADHD.

Method: In this randomized clinical trial, 51 children with ADHD (7-11 years) were assigned to a virtual cognitive remediation group, a methylphenidate group, or a psychotherapy group. All children were evaluated before and after therapy with an ADHD Rating Scale, a Continuous Performance Test (CPT), and a virtual classroom task.

Results: After therapy by virtual remediation, children exhibited significantly higher numbers of correct hits on the virtual classroom and CPT. These improvements were equivalent to those observed with methylphenidate treatment.

Conclusion: Our study demonstrates for the first time that a cognitive remediation program delivered in a virtual classroom reduces distractibility in children with ADHD and could replace methylphenidate treatment in specific cases.

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