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Investigação em PHDA

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Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, School Performance, and Effect of Medication

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Joshua M. Langberg1,Stephen J. Molitor1Lauren E. Oddo1Hana-May Eadeh1Melissa R. Dvorsky1Stephen P. Becker2

1
Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, USA
2
Cincinnati Children’s Hosptial Medical Center, Cincinnati, USA

Journal of Attention Disorders: SAGE Journals

February 4, 2017


ABSTRACT:

Objective: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of multiple types of sleep problems in young adolescents with ADHD.

Method: Adolescents comprehensively diagnosed with ADHD (N = 262) and their caregivers completed well-validated measures of sleep problems and daytime sleepiness. Participants also completed measures related to medication use, comorbidities, and other factors that could predict sleep problems.

Results: Daytime sleepiness was by far the most common sleep problem, with 37% of adolescents meeting the clinical threshold according to parent report and 42% according to adolescent report. In contrast, prevalence rates for specific nighttime sleep problems ranged from 1.5% to 7.6%. Time spent in bed, bedtime resistance, ADHD inattentive symptoms, and Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) symptoms were significant in the final model predicting daytime sleepiness.

Conclusion: Adolescents with ADHD commonly experience problems with daytime sleepiness that may significantly affect their functioning, but this may not be directly attributable to specific sleep problems.


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